In order to further institutionalize ASEAN and to give it legal status, the Leaders agreed at the 11th ASEAN Summit in December 2005, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, on the drafting and implementation of an ASEAN Charter to establish an effective Association that is rules-based and people-centered. They established the Eminent Persons Group (EPG) on the ASEAN Charter to propose a vision and direction for ASEAN integration under the Charter.

            At the 12th ASEAN Summit in 2006, the leaders tasked a High Level Task Force (HLTF) to draft the ASEAN Charter. The final document comprises 13 chapters and 55 articles.

            The ASEAN Charter was adopted at the 13th ASEAN Summit in Singapore in 2007, and came into force on 15 December 2008 during Thailand’s chairmanship of ASEAN.